History of Busan
It is uncertain when people started calling Busan by that name. The name Busan that is used today was derived from the former name for the settlement, Busan-po, which grew on the lower slopes of Mt. Busan (now called Mt. Jeung). Up until the first half of the 15th Century, Busan-po was part of Busan-bukok which was a territory within Dongnae-hyeon, before the Joseon Dynasty. As Busan-bukok disappeared and this region became a permanent residence for Japanese merchants, it became Busan-po.

However, in the second half of the 15th Century, the name Busan-po was given to the entire area at the foot of Mt. Busan. Busan-po could not become an independent regional administrative unit such as a ‘gun’ or ‘hyeon’, but remained under the administration of Dongnae-hyeon

As Dongnae was acknowledged as a major national strategic defensive site, Busan-jin was built in the 6th year of King Taejo(1397), and Dongnae began to gain in importance not only as an administrative site but also as a strategic military base. Dongnae-hyeon was later upgraded in status to Dongnae-dohobu after the revolt of the Japanese at the three ports of Busan-po, Yeom-po, and Jae-po, because of its strategic importance. Then, after being demoted back to Dongnae-hyeon in 1592 during the Imjin War with Japan, it was later promoted back to Dongnae-bu in 1599 due to its important position in the foreign policy against Japan. This position remained unchanged until the Japanese Occupation in 1910.

On October 1st of that year, Busan was separated completely from Dongnae-bu and became the independent territory of Busan-bu.
Busan (Hangul: 부산; Hanja: 釜山); (Korean pronunciation: [pu.san]), officially Busan Metropolitan City(부산광역시), romanized as Pusan before 2000,[nb 1] is South Korea's second most-populous city after Seoul, with a population of approximately 3.6 million. The population of the metropolitan area, including the adjacent cities of Gimhae and Yangsan, is approximately 4.6 million. The city is located on the southeastern-most tip of the Korean peninsula.

Located within South Korea's largest industrial area, "The Southeast Economic Zone" (which includes Busan, Ulsan and South Gyeongsang Province), the city is the cultural, educational and economic center of the region. It is the largest port city in South Korea and the world's fifth busiest seaport by cargo tonnage. The most densely built up areas of the city are situated in a number of narrow valleys between the Nakdong River and the Suyeong River, with mountains separating most of the districts. Administratively, it is designated as a Metropolitan City. The Busan metropolitan area is divided into 15 major administrative districts and a single county.

Busan was the host city of the 2002 Asian Games and the APEC 2005 Korea. It was also one of the host cities for the 2002 FIFA World Cup, and is a center for international conventions in Korea. On November 14, 2005, the city authorities officially announced its bid to host the 2020 Summer Olympics Games. After Pyeongchang's successful bid for the 2018 Winter Olympics, Busan is considering bidding to host the 2028 or 2032 Summer Olympics.

Busan has Korea's largest beach and longest river, and is home to the world's largest department store, the Shinsegae Centum City.
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